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First Aid Training for Poisons
Causes of Poisoning
Since the majority of poison incidents happen in the house, the causes of poison are also found in the house. Here are the most common things that can cause accidental poisoning when used improperly:
• Cleaning solutions
• Insecticides and pesticides
• Drugs and medications
What to Do When Poisoning Occurs
Poison is swallowed
If it is a child, take the substance right away. If the poison is still in the mouth ask the victim to spit it out or remove the substance using your finger. Instructions on packages in case of poisoning often tell you to induce vomiting. Do not follow this without first consulting your physician.
Where to seek help
If the person is showing symptoms such as unusual drooling, blistering and burning on the lips and mouth, unconsciousness or seizure, sore throat, irritability, nausea, and trouble breathing, call 911 right away. If it is a child, watch out for other signs such as jumpiness, unusual stain on the clothes, and strange other from the mouth.
If the victim doesn't show any of the following signs, call your physician or your local poison control center. Be ready to give the victim's personal information as well as the information about substance.
Poison in the eye
Rinse the affected with lukewarm (not hot) water. Make sure that you hold the eyelid open while continuously pouring a steady stream of water for at least 15 minutes. A child is more difficult to hold while rinsing the eye so you may need another person to assist you. Never use eyedrops, eyecup, or ointments unless instructed by the poison center. Call a physician for professional assistance.
Poisonous gases or fumes are inhaled
Solvents and cleaners, kerosene, wood, or coal stoves that didn't turn on, leaky gas vent, a car running in a closed garage and a mixture of ammonia and bleach are all sources of poisonous fumes. If any of these is inhaled, go to an area where fresh air is available.
If someone has inhaled noxious fumes for quite a while and is having difficulty breathing, take him or her out for fresh air and call your EMS (local emergency service) or dial 911. If the victim is breathing normally, call the poison center to receive proper instructions on how to give the right treatment. If the victim has stopped breathing, ask someone to call 911 and start CPR. Do not stop until the person breathes on his/her own or if someone else takes over. If there is no other person in the place except you, perform CPR for 1 minute and then dial 911.
Poison on the skin
Poisonous chemicals, when spilled on the body can be painful, itchy as well as burn and allergic reaction. If this happens, remove the clothes and thoroughly rinse the skin with lukewarm water.
• Do not store poisonous materials alongside your food
• Keep poisonous materials away from reach of children
• Label hazardous chemicals clearly and store it in separate and locked compartment
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